Dr. Todd Backes

ToddTodd Backes

Assistant Professor

Department of Biology
238 Science Center
The State University of New York at Fredonia
Fredonia, NY  14063

E-mail: todd.backes@fredonia.edu
Phone: (716) 673-3362
Fax: (716) 673-3493








Ph.D. -  Exercise Science, Department of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo 2010
M.S.  - Exercise Science, Department of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo 2005
B.S. -  Exercise Physiology, Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University 2001
A.S. -  Ophthalmic Dispensing, Erie Community College NY 1991

Courses Taught at Fredonia

EXSC 410 Advanced Exercise Physiology I & Lab
EXSC 420 Advanced Exercise Physiology II & Lab
EXSC 306 Biomechanics
EXSC 304 Exercise Nutrition
EXSC 302 Exercise Prescription
EXSC 301 Kinesiology
PHED 203/204 Human Physiology II & Lab
PHED 202 Human Anatomy
PHED 200/201 Human Physiology I & Lab
BIOL 338 Microbiology
BIOL 336/337 Mammalian Physiology & Lab
BIOL 221 Human Anatomy & Lab
BIOL 110 Human Biology
Undergraduate Research
Exercise Science Internship

Research Interests – Exercise Physiology

My research is in the areas of hydration and drinking behavior and exercise performance as well as cognition and exercise. My primary research focus is evaluating hydration needs of exercising individuals. My hypotheses run counter to prevailing beliefs in hydration research and, in contrast, have an evolutionary basis. We will add to our previous research by focusing on physiological mechanisms such as thirst, gastric distention, mouth moisture, and gut temperature as factors that determine drinking behavior and relate these factors to exercise performance. Another focus in my lab has been to examine how acute bouts of physiological stress (exercise) alter working memory and executive functions. We will be expanding cognitive testing to include biomechanical video analysis. This will allow an examination of how changes in coordination of repetitive movements affect human performance.

Other areas of investigation include how physiological stress results in small, transient changes in immune system function and how nutritional interventions may affect immune system response to exercise. We will continue to examine changes in salivary biochemical markers in response to the physiological stress of acute and chronic exercise. Lastly, we are interested in the relationship between BMI (body mass index) and body composition. Most obesity research associates health complications with high BMI values. There is a minority view in obesity research that high BMI values may provide a health benefit provided the BMI value is achieved by increased skeletal muscle mass.


2013 *Fitzgerald, K. & Backes, T.P. The effect of two exercise hydration strategies on exercise performance, cognition, hand-eye coordination and stress hormone response. National Conference for Undergraduate Research, University of Wisconsin La-Crosse.
2011 T. Backes, P. Hite, AAPHRED, Verona, NY
2011 T. Backes, P. Horvath, K. Kazial, The effect of exercise intensity and fluid restriction on cognitive function and salivary measures in Division III male and female endurance athletes. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Washington D.C.
2010 T. Backes, P. Hite, AAPHRED, Verona, NY
2010 T. Backes, J Warren Perry Lectures, SUNY at Buffalo
2008 T. Backes, J Warren Perry Lectures, SUNY at Buffalo

*Undergraduate research student

Page modified 8/31/15