The B.S. Geology degree is intended primarily for students planning to pursue GEOLOGY as a profession. It requires the necessary courses in geology, mathematics, and allied sciences to prepare a student for undertaking employment or graduate study in geology. It is also appropriate for students who desire a liberal arts education with an emphasis on geology.
There are two major aspects of geology: how the earth operates as a dynamic system today (physical geology), and its evolution as a planet (historical geology). Geologists study the processes and forces which mold the surfaces of the earth as well as those which account for interior structures of the crust and deeper zones (mantle and core) of the planet. Some geologists are concerned with the reconstruction of, and sequencing of, important past Earth events involving plate motion, paleoclimatic changes, and the evolutionary record of ancient organisms. Modern geologists not only study earth materials and features directly in the field, but also study them by remote sensing from satellites and by using geophysical and geochemical exploration techniques. In the laboratory they analyze earth materials physically and chemically. Experiments on rock synthesis, deformation, and destruction constitute an important part of the field.
Geologists are employed in a wide spectrum of activities. Dwindling energy, mineral, and water resources and increasedenvironmental concerns present challenges to those qualified to deal with them. Most geologists are employed by private industry -- in petroleum, mining, cement, ceramic,sand and gravel, and engineering firms, among others. The federal government employs geologists in the United States Geological Survey,Natural Resources Conservation Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Bureau of Mines, Forest Service, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Many geologists work for the 50 state geological surveys. Colleges and universities employ geologists in teaching and/or researchpositions. Many geologists are self-employed, often working as consultants.
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