Acute Pharyngitis (Sore throat)
Pharyngitis is the swelling and inflammation of the pharynx or throat. Most sore throats are viral in nature. If the soreness does not resolve after two days, then you should be evaluated by a medical provider.
Signs and Symptoms
- Sore throat
- Pain or difficulty when swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
- Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck
- In most instances, a sore throat is caused by a virus, and does not necessarily require an antibiotic for treatment. If an antibiotic is prescribed, you should see some improvement in 4 days. You must complete the entire course of antibiotics in order to treat the infection adequately. DO NOT share antibiotics with other people or save them for later.
- Eat well, (small frequent meals) with adequate fluid intake
- Get plenty of rest
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and wash your hands often with soap and water in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- It is important to not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, water bottles or toothbrushes with others in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- Lozenges or cough drops may soothe a sore or dry throat.
- Gargle with warm salt water to soothe a sore or dry throat.
- Drink warm liquids (tea or broth) or cool liquids to sooth a sore or dry throat.
- Take pain relievers for discomfort such as Tylenol or Ibuprofen.
- Use decongestants such as Sudafed or Mucinex D or a short term decongestant spray (no more then 72 hours) to relieve nasal congestion and a runny nose
- Try over the counter salt water (saline) nose drops or nasal sprays
- Don't smoke
- If symptoms continue to worsen, or no improvement is seen, you should be evaluated by a health care provider