There are over 200 virus strains known to cause the common cold. A cold can spread in close quarters such as classrooms and college dormitories. Spread by droplets from the nose and mouth of infected persons, the average college student will experience cold like symptoms 2-4 times each year.
Signs and Symptoms (Symptoms are slow in onset, lasting 5 - 10 days)
- Runny nose
- Nasal Congestion
- Clear to yellow nasal discharge
- Scratchy, sore throat
- No or low fever
- Mild Fatigue
- Eat well, (small frequent meals) with adequate fluid intake
- Get plenty of rest
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and wash your hands often with soap and water in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- It is important to not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, water bottles or toothbrushes with others in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- Lozenges or cough drops may soothe a sore or dry throat.
- Gargle with warm salt water to soothe a sore or dry throat.
- Take pain relievers for discomfort such as Tylenol or Ibuprofen.
- Use decongestants such as Sudafed or Mucinex D or a short term decongestant spray (no more then 72 hours)
- Try over the counter salt water (saline) nose drops or nasal sprays
- Don't smoke
- If symptoms continue to worsen, or no improvement is seen, you should be evaluated by a health care provider