Sinusitis is an infection of the lining of one or more of the sinus cavities. The
infection can be bacterial, viral or fungal. A common cold or allergies are frequent
causes. When your sinus cavity is infected, the membranes of your nose swell and
cause a nasal obstruction. Swelling of the membranes of your nose often obstruct
the opening of your sinus and , therefore, prevents the draining of pus or mucous.
Pain in your sinus area may result from inflammation itself or from the pressure as
secretions build up in your sinuses.
- Pain and pressure around your eyes or cheeks which sometimes worsens with bending
over, coughing or sneezing.
- Headache, toothache, bad breath.
- Chronic cough
- Thick colored (dark yellow, green) nasal drainage.
- Difficulty breathing through your nose.
- Try to maintain an even temperature indoors.
- Refrain from bending over with your head down.
- Try applying warm facial packs or cautiously inhale steam from a basin of steaming
- Increase fluid intake to help dilute secretions
- Gently and regularly blow your nose.
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, and wash your hands often
with soap and water in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- It is important to not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, water bottles or
toothbrushes with others in order to prevent spreading germs to others.
- Take pain relievers such as Tylenol or Ibuprofen for discomfort.
- Use decongestants such as Sudafed or Mucinex D or a short term decongestant spray
(no more then 72 hours)
- Try over the counter salt water (saline) nose drops or nasal sprays
- In most instances, a sinus infection is caused by a virus, and does not necessarily
require an antibiotic for treatment. If an antibiotic is prescribed, you should see
some improvement in 4 days. You must complete the entire course of antibiotics in
order to treat the infection adequately. DO NOT share antibiotics with other people
or save them for later.
- If symptoms continue to worsen, or no improvement is seen, you should be re-evaluated
by a health care provider.