"What is philosophy?" Philosophy is a very broad area of study, with many subfields.
We can try to characterize these by giving some typical questions they involve:
Philosophers look for, propose, and argue about answers to general questions such
as the ones above. Philosophy is a difficult and exciting field with a rich past going
back to the so-called Pre-Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece. While it has for
some time been fashionable to declare the field "dead", this is in fact the greatest
Golden Age of philosophy yet seen!
||Are there universal things (e.g. redness) in addition to particular things? What does
it mean to say that humans "have free will"? What sort of thing is time?
||What can we know? What is the difference between knowldege and beliefs which are just
happen to be true? What sorts of things count or do not count as evidence in favor
of some claim?
||Which actions are right and which are wrong? What is the best kind of life a human
can live? What makes a right action right?
||Is abortion morally permissible? Should state institutions give preference to historically
disadvantaged groups? Is killing morally worse than letting die? Ought the state execute
|Philosophy of Mind
||Are all mental states dependent on, or identical with physical states? Is it possible
in principle for psychology to be incorporated into physics? How is it that some things
||Does the state have moral authority over its citizens? Should great inequalities in
wealth be tolerated in a just society? Is it morally permissible for the state to
ban harmless activities, e.g. flag burning?
|Philosophy of Religion
||Is there any compelling argument for the claim that there is a God? Does the fact
of religious diversity show that all religions or equally good or bad? If there is
a God, why would he allow there to be evil?
||Does X follow from Y? What makes some arguments powerful and others laughable? Is
it inconsistent to affirm X and deny Y?