Policies and Procedures Involving Animal Subjects
[These policies were developed based on successful and vetted models from colleague institutions SUNY Plattsburgh and Buffalo State College. It is the intent of SUNY Fredonia that these policies and the attendant procedures, approved for Plattsburgh and Buffalo State by regulatory agencies, will serve SUNY Fredonia until such time as a constituted committee makes concerted changes. Out thanks to our colleagues at SUNY Plattsburgh and Buffalo State College for lending their approved policies and procedures and their willingness to allow us to utilize their language and formats, though necessary alterations were made to reflect SUNY Fredonia structure.]
The use of animal subjects in scientific and educational activities is governed by professional standards of ethical conduct as well as by federal and state regulations, which reflect the general concerns of society.
New York State law mandates the establishment of an institutional animal care committee which shall be responsible for evaluating the care of all animals held for research, teaching, or other activities by the State University of New York or by other resources under University auspices. An animal care committee is required also by National Institute of Health policy and recommended by the Animal Welfare Act and the American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care. The National Institute of Health requires review of research protocols by the institutional animal care committee prior to submission of a grant application.
SUNY Fredonia is committed to humane care of laboratory animals in carrying out its research and training activities. To insure that its concern be implemented and, further, to insure its compliance with professional, state and federal regulations and requirements for animal use, it has established an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) to be responsible for development and implementation of policies and procedures which will allow the College to fulfill these responsibilities and commitments.
Charge to the Committee:
The IACUC shall serve as the advocate for the welfare of the animal subjects under study at this institution while representing and protecting the interests of the respective investigators and educators who use animals at this University.
The charge to this committee is to develop policies and procedures for the University faculty and staff for:
- The review and approval of the use of animals in scientific and educational activities, the advisement of investigators on the humane treatment and proper care of laboratory animals.
- The assurance of compliance with established policies, procedures and regulations and the review over time of experiments in progress.
- The review of qualifications of research personnel and the provision of educational and training programs.
- The review of the availability and conditions of physical facilities and the implementation of a program of periodic laboratory inspections.
- The review of justifications of anticipated animal suffering and the provision of recommendations pursuant to such review.
- Promulgation of current rules and regulations and changes thereof.
- The development of a communication system to respond to concerns and activities of animal welfare groups.
- Consultation and advice on animal care and use in the laboratory as requested by investigators.
- Maintenance of required records as established by NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, Vol. 14, #8 (IV.E.).
- Submission of required reports as established by NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, Vol. 14, #8, IV.F.).
Authority of the Full IACUC Committee:
Primary responsibility is to evaluate applications for use of animals in research and teaching under categories D and E of Biomedical Experiments and review annual updating of animal use applications submitted by investigators for the ethical guidelines listed above and the humane care and treatment according to procedures listed below.
The Committee is empowered to make on-site inspections and recommend suspension of any project using animals operating within the institution. In addition the IACUC, through its chairperson, has the authority to take action during emergency situations in order to promptly rectify unacceptable conditions.
The Committee has the authority to review and approve or disapprove all projects involving the use of animals in research or education. The chairperson has the responsibility to assign and make recommendations on matters of committee business to the appropriate subcommittees. The chairperson also has the authority to act as spokesperson for the IACUC.
Structure of the Committee:
The Committee will meet at least once each quarter of the calendar year to fulfill its responsibilities. Specific functions will be carried out by the subcommittees to be appointed by the chairperson of the IACUC. Each subcommittee will be composed of at least three individuals, and the subcommittee's titles are as follows:
- Policy and Procedure Subcommittee
- Animal Room Care Supervisory Subcommittee
- Public Relation Subcommittee
In order to expedite the appropriate review and approval of animal use, each individual contemplating initiation of a project involving animals must adhere to the following:
- The principal investigator should contact the Animal Room Supervisor to discuss plans for the physical requirements of the project as early as possible in the planning stage of the project and prior to the use of any animals in research or training.
- The principal investigator will complete and sign the form "Application for Use of Laboratory Animals in Research or Teaching" The principal investigator will have the opportunity to meet with the committee and to bring two additional consultants to assist in the presentation of the application.
- The principal investigator will also provide a description of personnel training or experience relative to animal experimentation along with the background of the responsible investigator in animal experimentation. Documents listed in 2 and 3 above are to be submitted to: Office of Sponsored Research and Programs.
- The principal investigator must submit a renewal application of the research and teaching protocol to the IACUC on a semi-annual basis. This report shall describe any major changes in the protocol such as change of species, change of anesthetic or new surgical procedures. If here are no major protocol changes, a statement shall be made to that effect. This report must be submitted in a timely manner.
- The principal investigator, educator or course leader will provide instruction to his technical staff and/or students regarding specific techniques for the animal project and the aspects of humane care and treatment pertaining to that project, and will assure that all technical personnel are familiar with those sections of the NIH Guide that pertain to techniques being employed. (The project director can obtain assistance in these matters from the Animal Room Care Subcommittee.)
- The principal investigator whose application has been denied may have the option of resubmitting a modified application. He/she may bring in an individual(s) with expertise on the subject or an outside consultant to aid in the discussion of the resubmitted request for approval.
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)
Ms. Cathleen Eldridge
Health & Safety Associate
Office: Service Building 136C
Phone: (518) 564-5051
Mr. Brendon Kinney
Assoc. VP for Institutional Advancement
Office: Hawkins Hall 113D
Phone: (518) 564-2090
Mr. Richard Pickering
Phone: (518) 297-1582
Dr. Patricia Nichols
Laboratory Research Veterinarian
Phone: (802) 644-1177
Mr. Michael Simpson
Director, Sponsored Research & Programs
Office: Kehoe 815
Phone: (518) 564-2155
Dr. Donald Slish
Office: Beaumont 318
Phone: (518) 564-5160