i-blog


Author:  Satomi Ohira / 大平 怜実  
Date:  May 23, 2018
Keywords:  Japanese, Chinese, Driving License, DMV

Title: Getting a Driver's License in Fredonia, New York


アメリカでの運転免許取得について

留学生の皆さんも一度は運転免許の取得を考えたことがあると思います。私の母国、日本では運転免許を取得するには二週間から二か月間、自動車学校に通う必要があります。それに加え、十万円から二十万円($1000~$2000)かかります。それに比べアメリカでは州によりますが大体二週間と$100くらいの費用で運転免許の取得が可能です。私自身、2016年の冬にアメリカのペンシルバニア州で運転免許を取得しました。これから運転免許の取得するのに必要な物やステップを説明します。

必要な物

 

名前を証明するには、次のリストから6点の身分証明書を提示する必要があります:

   (3点)パスポート 1)米国ビザ 2)有効なI-20またはDS-2019
   (2点)フレドニア校の学生証
   (1点)有効な主要な米国のクレジットカード
   (1点)米国現金カード(ATM)(署名と事前印刷された名前が必要)
   (1点)米国健康保険/処方箋カード
   (2点)他の米国国から発行された写真運転免許証(12ヶ月以上経過していない
   (1点)米国銀行声明(あなたの名前と住所が記載されています)
 

 米国社会保障カード(Social security number)。留学生は社会保障番号を受け取る資格がありません。受験者は社会保障番号の資格がないことを述べる社会保障局からの手紙を受け取る必要があります。これは必ず必要な書類です。(点数には含まれません。)

 

US Social Security Administration

住所:437 Main St #2, Dunkirk, NY 14048

電話番号:(800) 772-1213

営業時間:月曜日 〜 金曜日 9AM - 4PM

 

 パスポート、I-20、米国社会保障カードの手紙、学生証、健康保険証、またはクレジットカードを持っていけば大丈夫です。

 

ステップ1:まず、DMV(Department of Mortar Vehicles)か DMVのウェブサイトにいって、Driver's Manual の本をもらいます。そして、ニューヨーク州での運転の規則を勉強します。

DMV Driver’s Manual: https://dmv.ny.gov/org/driver-license/drivers-manual-practice-tests

ステップ2:きちんとDriver’s manual を勉強したら、DMVに行って筆記試験を受けます。フレドニアのDMVの場合、筆記試験はコンピューターを使用しての〇×問題になります。確か、15問くらい出て12問正解すると合格だったと思います。きちんとマニュアルを勉強すれば簡単に合格できるくらい簡単です。ニューヨーク州では年齢によって運転免許の取得の際の費が変わります。(Class Dの欄が普通運転免許です。)

フレドニア校の近くのDMV:http://dmv.ny.gov/office/dunkirk

住所:3988 Vineyard Dr, Dunkirk, NY 14048 電話番号:(716) 366-0210

営業時間:火曜日 から 金曜日 8:30AM - 4:15PM

     月曜日:8:30AM - 5:45PM

     定休日: 土日

ステップ3 :筆記試験に合格したら紙の仮免許を貰うことができます。きちんとした仮免許は2週間以内に登録している住所に届きます。ニューヨーク州では仮免許の所持をしている場合、21歳以上の運転免許を持っている人が助手席に同乗している時のみに公道での運転が許可されています。ここからは人それぞれですが、自動車教室で練習するか、友達や家族と一緒に練習します。フレドニアには自動車教室ありません。一番近くてもジェームズタウンという隣町です。ほとんどの生徒がバッファローまで行って教室に通っています。

ジェームズタウン: 

Germaine’s Safety School

1012 Prendergast Ave

Jamestown, NY 14701

電話番号  (716) 484-2408

Aadance Driver Training

121 Willard St

Jamestown, NY 14701

電話番号  (716) 484-1230

バッファロー:

City A 1 Driving School

271 Kenmore Ave

Buffalo, NY 14223

電話番号 (716) 875-4662

O’day’s School of Driving

4017 N Bailey Ave

Buffalo, NY 14226

電話番号 (716) 835-6700

Buffalo Driving Schools

3315 Bailey Ave

Buffalo, NY 14215

電話番号 (716) 834-4300

Stevens Driving School

4785 Union Rd

Buffalo, NY 14225

電話番号 (716) 884-3103

 

ステップ4:ニューヨーク州では、仮免許を取得した後にすべての受験者に5時間の運転講習会への参加が必要です。この講習会は、SUNY フレドニア校でも定期的に行われています。

(DMVでも講習会の案内があります。)

ステップ5:五時間の運転講習会に参加した後にDMVのウェブサイトで運転の実技試験の予約をします。大体3週間から1か月後の予約が可能です。

ステップ7:実技試験の日になったら、試験の30分前くらいまでには試験場に到着したおきましょう。必ず仮免許証と5時間運転講習会への参加証明書の持参を忘れないでください。当日、実技試験で使う車は各自で用意しなくてはなりません。運転教室ではあらかじめ、実技の試験の日を伝えておくと一緒に来てくれるところもあります。もし、友人または家族に頼む場合は車の登録証、保険の証明書、運転免許証、車検の証明書を用意しておきましょう。試験時間は大体15分くらいです。

ステップ7:実技試験の後にすぐ、合格か不合格か試験官から伝えられます。合格の場合は試験官が書類にサインしてくれます。2週間くらいで正式な運転免許証が郵便で届きます。

不合格の場合は、DMVのウェブサイトで3回まで実技試験の再予約が可能です。

実技試験内容:ストップサイン、走行速度、3ポイントターン、縦横駐車、 交差点での左折と右折など。


Getting a driver’s license in Fredonia, New York

I think that all international students have thought about getting a driver's license at least once.  In my home country, Japan it is necessary to attend a driving school for two weeks to two months in order to obtain a driver's license.  In addition, it costs from 100,000 yen to 200,000 yen ($1,000 to $2,000). On the other hand, depending on the state in the United States, it is possible to obtain a driver's license at a cost of roughly two weeks and around $100.  I, myself acquired a driver's license in the state of Pennsylvania in the US in the winter of 2016. In this post, I will explain the things and steps necessary for obtaining driver's license.

What you need:
To prove your name, you need to present 6 points of IDs from the following list:

   (3 points) Passport 1) US visa 2) valid I-20 or DS-2019
   (2 points) Student ID card at Fredonia
   (1 point) valid major US credit card
   (1 point) US cash card (ATM) (signature and pre printed name required)
   (1 point) US health insurance / prescription card
   (2 points) A photographic driver's license issued by another US country (12 months or more has not passed
   (1 point) US Bank Statement (Your name and address are listed)
 
US Social Security card (Social security number) - International students are not eligible to receive social security numbers. Candidates must receive a letter from the Social Security Administration stating that they do not qualify for social security numbers. This is a necessary document. (It is not included in the score.)


US Social Security Administration

Address:437 Main St #2, Dunkirk, NY 14048

Phone number:(800) 772-1213

Business hours:Monday 〜 Friday  9AM - 4PM

Bring the following, then you will be able to apply for the driver’s license:
Passport, I-20, letter of US social security card, student card, health insurance card, or credit card

 

Step 1: Go to the DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles) or DMV website and get the Driver's Manual book. There, you will study the rules of driving in New York state.
DMV Driver's Manual: https://dmv.ny.gov/org/driver-license/drivers-manual-practice-tests


Step 2: If you properly studied the Driver's manual, go to DMV and take a written exam. In the case of Fredonia's DMV, the written exam is a ture or false set of problems on  a computer. Certainly, I think that you can pass if you answer about 15 questions and answered 12 correctly. It is easy enough to pass if you study the manual properly. The expenses for acquiring a driver's license change according to age in New York state. (Class D column is an ordinary driver's license.)

DMV near Fredonia:http://dmv.ny.gov/office/dunkirk


Address :3988 Vineyard Dr, Dunkirk, NY 14048 Phone Number:(716) 366-0210
Business hours:Tuesday to   Friday 8:30AM - 4:15PM
     Monday:8:30AM - 5:45PM
     Closed: Saturday & Sunday


Step 3: Once you pass the written exam you can get a temporary paper license. A official  temporary license will reach the registered address within two weeks. With a temporary license, driving in public roads is permitted only when a person  aged 21 or older who has a driver's license is riding in the passenger seat in New York State. Everyone from here practices in the classroom training car or with friends and family. There is no  class in Fredonia. Even the closest one is in Jamestown, a neighboring town. Most students go to Buffalo to use a classroom car.

Jamestown

Germaine’s Safety School

1012 Prendergast Ave

Jamestown, NY 14701

Phone number : (716) 484-2408

Aadance Driver Training

121 Willard St

Jamestown, NY 14701

Phone number (716) 484-1230

Buffalo

City A 1 Driving School

271 Kenmore Ave

Buffalo, NY 14223

Phone number (716) 875-4662

O’day’s School of Driving

4017 N Bailey Ave

Buffalo, NY 14226

Phone number  (716) 835-6700

Buffalo Driving Schools

3315 Bailey Ave

Buffalo, NY 14215

Phone number (716) 834-4300

Stevens Driving School

4785 Union Rd

Buffalo, NY 14225

Phone number (716) 884-3103

Step 4: In New York State, it is required for all candidates to participate in a driving seminar for 5 hours after acquiring a temporary license. This seminar is also regularly held at SUNY Fredonia. The DMV also has a guide for workshops.


Step 5: After participating in a five hour driving seminar, you will schedule a road test on the DMV website. Reservations are usually possible in approximately 3 weeks to 1 month.


Step 6: When it comes to the practical exam day, you should arrive at the examination place by 30 minutes before the exam. Please do not forget to bring a temporary license certificate and a participation certificate for the 5 hour driving seminar. On that day, you have to prepare your own car for the road test. In the driving classroom, there are also places that can bring you a rented car beforehand as long as you tell them the date and location of the road test. If you are asking a friend or family member to use their car for the road test, prepare a car registration card, insurance certificate, driver's license, certificate of vehicle inspection. The test time is about 15 minutes.

Step 7: Immediately after the road test, the examiner will inform you the result of the road test. If you passed, the examiner signs the document and hands to you. The document will be the temporary driver’s license. The official driver's license will arrive in about two weeks by post.  If you fail, you can reschedule the road test up to 3 times on the DMV website.
Road test content: Stop sign, driving speed, 3 point turn, parallel parking, left turn and right turn at intersection.

Good luck to everyone!!


如何在美国获取驾照

 

所有国际生都有想过如何获得美国驾照。在日本,至少要在驾驶学校参加两周到两个月的驾驶课程才可以获得驾照,费用在10万日元到20万日元不等(1000~2000美金)。根据美国的州情,大约100 美元左右就可以申请和获得美国驾照。在2016年的冬天我在宾夕法尼亚州领取到了我的美国驾照。在以下的文章中,我会逐步解释如何成功的获取美国驾照。

首先,你需要的是:

提供以下的资料,总共加和为六分的点卡

三分:1)本人护照 2)美国的有效签证 3)有效的I-20 或 DS-2019

两分:本人Fredonia 的学生卡

一分:在美国有效的信用卡

一分:美国的ATM卡 (包含持有人的姓名和签名)

一分:在美国有效的医保卡,或带有病史的处方卡

两分:其他签发过的驾照扫描件(12个月以上或未通过的)

一分:在美国银行的财产证明(包括姓名和住址)

美国社保卡(社会安全号码) - 国际学生并没有权限获得社会安全号码。候选人必须收到社会保险局的信函,署名他们并不持有社会安全号码。这是一个必要的文件。 (这不包括在以上分数中。)

US Social Security Administration

地址:437 Main St #2, Dunkirk, NY 14048

电话号码:(800) 772-1213

营业时间:星期一 〜 星期五  9AM - 4PM
 

充分准备好核对好以上和以下材料,你就可以申请到美国驾驶执照:
 
护照,I-20,美国社保卡,学生证,医保卡和信用卡。

步骤1:去当地的DMV(机动车辆部门)或DMV网站并获得驾驶员手册。网站提供你需要知道的所有纽约州的驾驶规则。
DMV驱动手册网站:https://dmv.ny.gov/org/driver-license/drivers-manual-practice-tests

步骤2:如果你了解并研究了驾驶员手册,可以去当地的DMV参加笔试。在Fredonia的DMV案例中,笔试内容是在计算机上回答对于错问题。如果在15个问题里12个回答正确那么你就可以通过。 通过学习手册上的信息认真准确的学习,你就会很容易的通过。根据年龄不同所缴纳的驾照费也不同。(D类专栏是普通驾照。)

Fredonia附近的DMV:http://dmv.ny.gov/office/dunkirk
地址:3988 Vineyard Dr,Dunkirk,NY 14048电话号码:(716)366-0210
营业时间:周二至周五上午8:30至下午4:15
周一:8:30AM  - 5:45 PM
休息日:周六和周日

步骤3:一旦通过笔试,你就可以获得临时纸质驾照许可证。在两周内官方就会寄给你纸质版的驾照。在纽约州纸质版驾照只适用于在有年满21岁且持有驾照乘客的陪同下使用。在这里的大多数考驾照的学生都是在家人亲友的陪同下一起练习。在 Fredonia 并没有相应的课程。离 Fredonia 最近的训练课程是在Jamestown, 但绝大多数学生还是选择去布法罗练车。

Jamestown

Germaine’s Safety School

1012 Prendergast Ave
Jamestown,纽约州14701
电话号码:(716)484-2408

Aadance Driver Training

121 Willard St

Jamestown,纽约州14701
电话号码:(716)484-1230

 

Buffalo

City A 1 Driving School

271 Kenmore Ave
Buffalo,纽约州14223
电话号码:(716)875-4662
O’day’s School of Driving

4017 N Bailey Ave
Buffalo,纽约州14226
电话号码:(716)835-6700
Buffalo Driving Schools

3315 Bailey Ave
Buffalo,NY 14215
电话号码:(716)834-4300
Stevens Driving School

4785 Union Rd

Buffalo,NY 14225
电话号码:(716)884-3103

 

步骤4:在纽约州,当拿到临时许可证后所有候选人都需要参加五小时的驾驶培训班。

这个驾驶培训班也会定期在SUNY Fredonia 举行。 DMV也有讲习班的指导

步骤5:在参加完五小时驾驶研讨会后,你将要在DMV网站上预约道路测试。预约时间大概三周到一个月不等。

步骤6:在正式考试当天,提前30分钟到达考场。请不要忘记携带五小时驾驶培训班的临时许可证和参与证书。当天,你必须准备自己的车进行道路测试。到达后你需要提供道路测试的日期和地点,或也可以事先租一辆车。如果你借用朋友或家人的车进行道路测试,请准备汽车登记卡,保险证书,驾驶执照,车辆检查证书。测试时间约为15分钟。

步骤7:在路试结束后,检查员会立即告诉你路试的结果。如果你通过,审查员会将签署的文件并交给你。该文件将是临时驾驶执照。官方驾驶执照将在约两周内邮寄到达。
如果路试失败,您可以在DMV网站上重新安排三次道路测试。
道路测试内容:停车标志,行车速度,3点转弯,平行停车,左转和右转。
 

祝大家好运!


Author:  Miho Muto
Date:  April 12, 2018
Keywords:  Japanese, English Education

Title: Tips before you come to Fredonia


If you are looking at this blog, you may be one of the current Fredonia students OR you are thinking of being a Fredonia student. I was one of you before coming to Fredonia’s campus, and I searched "Fredonia, International," and I found this blog. I was excited to study abroad and live in the American style dormitory. Compared to back then, I've learned a number of tips to study in a different country...actually, more than I expected. However, each have become some of the best experiences in my life.

First of all, if you are dreaming to live in New York and are imagining the “New Yorker” lifestyle, then please search for "Fredonia, NY" on the internet. We are located near Lake Erie, which is one of the Great Lakes, and it is famous for Niagara Falls. There is a vast nature in Fredonia and sometimes you can see wild animals both on and off campus, which is great. The average low temperature is -7 in January. Although we have spring season, a proverb is saying "April showers bring May flower!" … so that spring starts almost in May here. If you don't want to freeze like frozen food, I strongly recommend that you bring a warm, protective jacket and boots.

When you take classes, you need a lot of patience and a strong effort so you should get ready for it before you start your new life. You may be able to understand what the professors are talking about but the most difficult part is talking with your classmates and listening to their comments in the class. Once you get lost in your class conversation, you can't get back from that labyrinth for a while. I was also struggling to keep up with their conversation and I still need to concentrate on the contexts. However, you don't have to be scared, and just take a deep breath before giving up on your school life here. You will meet a lot of great friends and teachers who support you and cheer you up every time. Fortunately, I could make many wonderful friends and meet cooperative professors.

I personally recommend that you live on campus, especially, try to live with local students (Fredonian or American) in the dormitory (we call it "dorm" for short). There are many reasons that I think so, but I only can say " Living in the dorm is the best way to make your campus life more exciting." I live in one of the dormitories on campus and there are a variety of students in my dorm. Even though, in order to make a relationship with people speaking different languages is rather difficult, talking with them and sharing our thoughts relieves my stress and can give me different perspectives. Living in an American style dorm has taught me a lot about life and living with other people in a shared space.

Finally, if you are comparing Fredonia with other colleges in the U.S., I insist that you should choose Fredonia. We have a great office for all international students and it supports all your campus life needs ranging from your very first day in the U.S. to the last day at graduation. We have a lot of fun events for all students to involve the international community. We are always welcome to new students who are looking forward to studying with us!


Author:  Satomi Ohira
Date:  April 6, 2018
Keywords:  Japanese, Business Administration

Title: でのインターンシップを終えて


 

ニューヨーク州立フレドニア校経営学科4年生の大平怜実です。私は、2017年度の秋学期にISSでインターンシップをさせていただきました。このインターンシップをやらせていただく際に”留学生や現地の生徒、関係なくコミュニケーションを積極的にとり、相手の気持ちを一番大切に” という事を常に心がけ、留学生の皆さんのより良いキャンパスライフをサポートさせていただきました。初めて任される仕事ばかりで最初は苦戦しましたが、沢山の方の支えや励ましのお言葉をいただいて、無事にこのインターンシップを終える事ができました。一学期という短い期間でしたが、このインターンシップを通してチームワークの重要性や人と繋がることの大切さを学ばさせていただきました。このインターンシップで得た経験を糧にこれからも夢に向かって頑張っていきたいと思います。皆さん、ありがとうございました。


Author:  Satomi Ohira
Date:  October 3, 2017
Keywords:  Japanese, Business Administration

Title: アメリカフレドニアでの経験


 


Author:  Zach Jones
Date:  April 27, 2017

Title:  Fifteen Things that They’ve Taught Me  


International education helps Fredonia to bridge the cultural and linguistic divides that exist not only in the United States, but globally.  The exposure that we have at Fredonia to international students and faculty allows us all to  develop a deeper appreciation for other languages and cultures, histories, and most importantly: viewpoints.  

Fredonia’s commitment to international education is, in my mind, one of the best accomplishments of our institution.  Fredonia has over one hundred international students, and numerous international faculty members.  For this small western-New York village-town, that is some serious internationalism!  This global diversity makes Fredonia more like the reality that awaits us outside our campus’ boundaries.  The positive and life-changing relationships that we see every day between American and international students, faculty, and staff validates Fredonia’s efforts of internationalization and globalization  

As American students and faculty, we always imagine how much our international students must learn from spending extended time here in the States: from taking classes in English to life experiences as a young adult in America.  What we often forget, however, is what we can learn from them.  After reflecting on this idea a bit, I realized that our international students and faculty have influenced my life more than I had ever known….    

1.  They’ve taught me how difficult the English language actually is (It can be understood through tough thorough thought, though).  

2.  They’ve taught me the privilege of driving and owning my own car.

3.  They’ve taught me where, when, and how to book the cheapest airline tickets.

4.  They’ve taught me that English is not the “world-language.”  No, not everyone should be expected to speak English.  

5.  They’ve taught me how to appreciate the small things in life.

6.  They’ve taught me more about my native language than I’ve ever learned in an English Class.  Did you know that in English, adjectives absolutely have to be in this order: opinion-size-age-shape-color-origin-material-purpose, and then the noun?!  So you can have a beautiful old brick house, but not a brick old beautiful house).  

7.  They’ve taught me that the conception of beauty is culturally-dependent.  

8.  They’ve taught me that living an hour away from my family is a true privilege.  

9.  They’ve taught me that “what’s up” is the hardest question to answer for non-native English speakers.  

10.  They’ve taught me not to rush my life away.  

11.  They’ve taught me how bizarre American slang expressions truly are.  What do you mean, “What’s good?”  Everything is good!  

12.  They’ve taught me that Starbucks is just as appreciated abroad as it is at Fredonia.

13.  They’ve taught me the power and privilege of an American passport.  

14.  They’ve taught me that laughing and smiling can be contagious in any language or culture.

15.  They’ve taught me that Fredonia is their home -just as much as it is mine.  


Author:  Mingeon Jo
Date:  March 27, 2017
Keywords:  Korean

Title:  Looking Back on my Fredonia Life

나는 2013년 1월쯤 눈이 엄청나게 많이 내리던 날에 프레도니아에 도착했다. 1년 동안 한국에서 영어 공부를 하고 왔지만 미국은 낯선 곳이었고 나는 처음 이곳에 너무 적응을 하지 못했다. 하지만 다행히도 내 미국인 룸메이트는 너무 착했고 나는 그에게 도움을 받아서 조금씩 프레도니아 생활에 적응할 수 있었다.

 

이번 학기를 끝으로 졸업을 앞둔 시점에서 프레도니아는 많은 장점을 가지고 있다는 것을 느꼈다.첫번째, 프레도니아는 좋은 환경을 가지고 있다. 나는 한국에서도 가장 멋진 자연경관을 가지고 있고 공기가 좋은 제주도라는 곳에서 태어나고 자랐다. 하지만 내가 프레도니아에 처음 왔을 때 느낀 생각은 제주도 보다 더 공기가 좋은 곳이라는 것이다. 그리고 프레도니아의 노을과 하늘은 너무 예뻐서 하늘을 보는 것만으로도 마음이 편안해지는 느낌이 들었다.

 

두번째, 프레도니아는 학업에 집중할 수 있는 환경이 조성되어 있다. 프레도니아는 시골에 위치하고 있다. 이곳에서는 와인을 만드는데 사용하는 포도밭이 넓게 있고 퇴역 군인들이 많이 살고 있다. 그래서 이곳에 살고 있는 사람들은 길을 가다가 우리와 마주쳤을 때 밝은 미소로 화답해준다. 그리고 이 곳은 도심지와는 멀리 떨어져 있기 때문에 놀 수 있는 곳이 많지 않다. 그래서 학생들이 더 학업에 열중할 수 있다.

 

세번째, 프레도니아는 국제 학생들이 금방 적응할 수 있는 많은 시스템이 갖춰져 있다. 먼저, 국제 학생들은 global connections lounge를 통해 다른 나라의 국제 학생들을 쉽게 만날 수 있다. 그리고 매주 수요일 오후 4시에 열리는 coffee break를 통해 다른 나라의 국제 학생들과 국제 학생들에 관심이 있는 미국인들을 만나서 교류할 수 있다. 그리고 한 날짜에 시험이 3~4개가 겹쳐서 고생하는 국제학생을 위해서 Learning Center에서 미리 시험을 볼 수 있는 제도가 갖춰져 있다. 이 사례들처럼 프레도니아는 국제 학생들의 적응을 돕는다.


나를 비롯한 모든 사람들이 처음 유학을 왔을 때는 막연하다는 생각을 많이 한다. 모든 사람들이 알고 있듯이 대화는 우리가 살아가는데 가장 중요한 요소이다. 하지만 처음 유학을 왔을 때는 영어를 완벽하게 구사하지 못하기 때문에 대화가 단절되게 되고 그것으로 인해 많이 힘들어한다. 하지만 프레도니아에서 유학 생활을 처음 하는 많은 국제 학생들은 다른 학교보다 적응하기에 좋은 조건을 이미 가지고 시작할 수 있다고 생각한다. 물론 유학생활 자체가 힘든 것은 사실이지만 우리 학교를 통해서 그것들은 잘 극복해 나갔으면 한다.


Author:  Zach Jones
Date: March 24, 2017
Keywords:  Belgium
Title: Faculty Spotlight:  Dr. Birger Vanwesenbeeck, Associate Professor of English


What degrees do you hold, and from where?

I have a B.A. in German Literatures and Linguistics from the University of Antwerp, in Belgium.  I have an M.A. in Comparative Literature from the University of Buffalo, and I have a PhD in Comparative Literature from U.B. as well.    

 

What made you choose to come to the U.S. to pursue your Masters and PhD?

Actually, I think I should also mention that I spent my senior year in Texas as part of a Belgian-American exchange program.  So actually that was my first international experience as a student in the United States before I came here for my masters. I was very advanced as far as my coursework, so they actually allowed me to take a Graduate course at the university for graduate credit, and that was a course on Literary Criticism and Critical Theory.  The class was filled with philosophy, literature, and all kinds of things.  This class really left me with a hunger for more, so I then returned back home to Belgium, graduated, started teaching English and Dutch at the highschool-level for a year, and applied to the University of Buffalo because I knew that I wanted to do more literary theory.  I was interested in the relationship between literature and philosophy, and I wanted to do something that would allow me to tailor to the many linguistic interests that I had at the time.  U.B. had quite a strong program for that, so I applied!

 

I was a Fulbright student.  It would not have been possible for me to come study in the United States without financial support, so the Fulbright program provided me with a fellowship to study at the University of Buffalo.  Initially, I was not going to get a Doctorate, but I liked the program a lot and decided to continue.  During my masters degree, I obtained a graduate assistantship at U.B. where I taught French and worked as a research assistant.  I worked in the archive, taught French for one semester, composition quite a few times, and then some literature courses.  U.B. was great for me and gave me lots and lots of chances and opportunities.  

 

What attracted you to come and work at Fredonia?

Fredonia is a school with a very strong liberal arts legacy, and that matters quite a bit.  When I finished my doctorate, I was actually hired at L'Universite Laval (in Quebec City), so I was there for a full year.  It was very different place from Fredonia: a large university, very different.  I think what really attracted me to Fredonia was that we have such strong arts and humanities: with the school of music, our archive, our international reputation of the long legacy of our humanities department.  I feel that what I do here as a scholar and teacher of the humanities matters, and that’s so important to me.  I have always felt that I’ve received great support from both my departments and the university.  That’s not the case -it’s not something that you find everywhere, quite frankly.  

 

How does being a non-native English speaker influence your career as a professor of English and Comparative Literature?  

That’s a good question!  I think, first of all, that this has always been a country where these kinds of things are possible.  We see this at the university level in many ways.  I think that many people relate to a language in a very different way if it’s not their native tongue, and I know this particular feeling quite well: I speak six languages actually, with varied levels of expertise, I should say.  I think that foreigners have a different type of insight in the language.  I teach composition right now, for instance, and I spend quite a bit of time on grammar because I’ve become aware that as fluent as any English native speaker is early-on, the rigorous program of English grammar to which I was exposed (for the linguistic aspects of my degree) is not there for many of our students.  I just told my students this morning, “The purpose here is not to make you into linguists -although, if you find this fascinating to think about, you can -but I do not believe it is possible to become good writers unless you have insight into how sentences are actually constructed.”  For me, this is actually quite hard-wired because of my studies.  When I look at a sentence, I see a subject, a verb, etc.  For me, it’s exciting to see such a great variety in our students -even when English is their native tongue.  I love teaching lower-level courses for reasons like that.  I get to see a student who has been exposed to a lot, and find out what I can still have to offer that student.  Over here, there’s another student who clearly had very little exposure, so how do I build his or her’s confidence in language?  These are the pedagogical questions that I work with every single day in the classroom.  

As a non-native speaker, the grasp of the language is also so different.  I also think that once you have more than a few languages, you also relate to the language differently.  For me, English is obviously not my first language, not even second.  French was my second.  When I was in middle school, I began French, because half of Belgium is Francophone.  Then after I spent the year abroad in Texas, English became my second most-comfortable language.  But I am still so grateful for having had so much French.

Around the world there’s this idea that “everyone speaks English, my kid really should learn it” but I think other languages are so important too.  My approach is more like, yeah, but they’re going to learn it eventually anyways.  If you can get a couple of languages down before you learn English, there you go!  The whole world, as you know, does not speak English!

 

How would your life be different if you were a professor of _______ in your home country?

Hmm...wow, this is hard.  I think the biggest difference would have been my teaching.  I do not think that I would have grown as much as a teacher, to be honest with you.  I think that being able to teach relatively small or average sized classes puts extra didactic demands on you as a teacher.  As I said, given the variety of what students come in with and what they may or may not have learned in high school, that’s an ongoing challenge.  You always always want to be the best teacher that you can be, and you always want to be able to contribute to the students’ growth and learning. In terms of accommodating students and being conscious as a teacher of what students are getting out of your class is so important in the American culture of education.  For these reasons, I think I have certainly been challenged more here as a teacher than I would have been back home.  I might have published more back home, but everyone wants more time to do that! 

One of your many research interests include twentieth-century American literature and culture.  In what ways has your education, career in the United States affected your research in this area?  

I always look at literature, including American literature, from a comparative angle.  I am always thinking, even when I’m teaching, about the comparative-side of literature.  I’m always fascinated, for instance, with Moby Dick: when the German’s starting reading it, they were reading it in a totally different way than people in this country were reading it when they discovered it.  I think, as a scholar of American literature, I’m always examining literature from this comparative angle, looking at world literature, and taking interest in the touching points between philosophy and literature.  That’s how I was trained at U.B: I even remember my professors saying “Philosophy and literature are just two mediums for similar issues of the human experience.”  We have mortality, the question of language, what happens to a writer when he goes into exile?  What are the gains and losses of translation?  These are all questions that show up in literature, but they show up in philosophy in the same way.  So yeah, I don’t think that American literature is something that only takes place within our borders.  Literature never exists just in one culture or one language.

 

What would you say to a student abroad who is behind their computer screen right now checking out Fredonia?  What advice would you give them?

I would tell them not to be intimidated.  I have greatly benefitted from the hospitality of the American people personally and in my career.  The Fulbright scholarship that I received was partly American money, so I am very much aware of how much I have gained thanks to the academic world of the United States.  We want to be able to attract the very best students, regardless of whether they come from whatever kind of country, and I hope that this continues to shape our American values of education.  I hope students will continue to look at Fredonia, and I hope they apply and come be part of this wonderful institution.  From my perspective, I can only hope to have many of our international students in my classes.  It makes for greater class discussion, varied viewpoints, and everything.  Come and be part of our campus and community!    


Author:  Zach Jones
Date: March 22, 2017
Keywords:  Italy
Title: Faculty Spotlight:  Dr. Chiara De Santi, Lecturer of Italian


What degrees do you hold, and from where?

I hold a Laurea in Russian with minors in French and History from the University of Florence, Italy. It’s an Italian degree that is equivalent to an MA here in the United States. Then, I received my masters of research and PhD in History from the European University Institute in Florence, which is a European institute that is funded by all of the European Governments. All of my work there was completed in English and French. Finally, I have a PhD in Italian from the University of Wisconsin, at Madison.

 

So wait, you hold two PhD’s?! Isn’t that pretty rare?

Yes, it’s quite rare. Also considering that it’s in two different fields: one in history and one in a world language. I wrote two separate dissertations, and all of that! Actually, I was in the process of finishing up my first dissertation when I began writing my second! I graduated in 2009 with my first PhD, and in 2011 with my second. Traditionally the programs are five to six years. But don’t let this scares you!

 

How has an American education influenced your career?

I have always really wanted to be in academia, and dreamed of coming to the United States. I thought to have a degree from the U.S. would, of course, help me out! And it has: I have a position here at Fredonia, and I’m enjoying my teaching and research.

 

How has being a native speaker of Italian influenced your second language teaching and research?

I am teaching in English and Italian, so I teach both in the classroom. I am constantly using the two together in the classroom when I teach Italian. My scholarship now is on mostly Italian cinema, literature, and pedagogy. I am also teaching Italian culture, Italian film, and Film Studies courses in English, which is quite exciting for me! I publish quite a bit on film studies as well. So being a native speaker helps me so much in understanding the culture, literature, and films that I teach. I am very sure, however, that people who are learning another language can become proficient and can perform just as well in the field of world language education as us native speakers -it’s a matter of knowing the country, histories, and linguistics of course. Being a native speaker...it’s an experience for sure! Having studied so many other languages, I know what the experience is for my students as well. I studied English after French, but just before Russian, so I still have that empathy for my students through their experiences in language learning! Even when I started teaching my own language, Italian, my grammar was in my mind but very difficult to explain. Now, after eleven years of teaching ti, it’s not difficult anymore. I love the educational relationships that I form with my students, and sharing my culture with them.

 

What is your favorite part about teaching at Fredonia?

At Fredonia, we are always encouraged to explore new topics and research for new classes, and I find this so exciting. I love to research and present new materials, ideas, topics, and all of that. I’d definitely consider myself an experimental educator. Last semester, I taught a class on Italian food culture in practice...oh, it was fantastic! The students really enjoyed every second of it. I love to teach and incorporate students clubs as well, like Unione Italiana for example. There is a lot going on in Fredonia, even for a small town. There are ample opportunities for the students to take part in the campus and community. As faculty, we cooperate and we really have a community here. I love Fredonia because it has such a residential feeling as well, and I never realized how important this was until I recently experienced the culture of a commuter college. At Fredonia, we have such a feeling of community and family among the students and among the faculty and staff. Sometimes, we don’t realize how great this little place is until we go somewhere else!

 

Internationalism at Fredonia? What do you think?

Love it! We have such a great community of international faculty and international students. The international and American faculty are cohesive as well; there’s no feelings of divide here at all. We’re all friends and we’ve established such a cross-culture and cross-nationality feeling at Fredonia. It’s truly fantastic -something that is precious to our college and community. It’s a great opportunity for faculty, staff, and students.

 


Author:  Zach Jones
Date: March 1, 2017
Keywords:  China
Title: Faculty Spotlight:  Dr. Guangyu Tan, Assistant Professor of Curriculum and Instruction


Your educational history is very international, as you completed your undergraduate degree in China.  Do you regret not coming to the United States for your undergraduate studies?

No, I don’t really think so.  I feel that the education in China gave me a very strong foundation in my education.  When I came for my master's degree, though, I did struggle a little bit in terms of reading and writing.  Even though I went to a foreign language university for four years and I taught English as a second language at the university-level for three years, I still felt like I was struggling.  I remember the first semester in my philosophy of education course, and our professor asked us to read the chapter and then write a summary.  I was seriously struggling!  I had to use a bigger font to try to stretch out my work and make it two pages!  I still feel that my undergraduate education in China gave me a really good foundation.  I also feel like it gave me a very different perspective.  If I’d have come to the United States too early, my heritage in China may not have developed to as strong as what I feel right now.  I was twenty-five when I arrived here for my masters.  I know many Chinese students that come for high school here and then stay here for their undergraduate and graduate degrees.  From my view, they might be a little too blended...they’ve maybe lost some of their Chinese heritage.  For me, I think that can be a loss of a part of your identity.  I’m very proud of my Chinese heritage and I’m very proud of my American adopted culture as well.  So no, I don’t regret it at all!  

 

Would you classify Fredonia as an international place?

Hmm…First of all, I think from my experience, there are not too many international students.  Personally, I feel guilty as well: I was not as involved with the international education community as I could have been, even when I was single without my son.  I was definitely not as involved as I could have been, but I also feel like I was not specifically asked to help out with recruitment or facilitating events with or international students.  I feel that we have a lot of other cultural things going on (theatre program, music program, the art gallery), so I always found that many international events were not really cultural, and were diluted by other events.  That’s just my point of view of course!  

Fredonia’s location can also be very challenging as well.  We’re not in New York City, where it’s already diverse and international.  This is a very rural community.  But at the same time as that, it can be a negative thing for some people, and it can be very attractive to others (as it was attractive to me as well!). Some of our students come from very big, crowded cities, so they feel like they want to have a different lifestyle.  But in terms of whether Fredonia is international, I probably would say no, not yet.  I know the campus is working and making efforts to internationalize Fredonia.  I was actually on the task force for a little while.  We definitely have some ways to go, though!  

 

How is American education different than education in China?

This is WAY different...SO different.  For instance, as we talked about in class, standard Chinese education is very teacher-centered.  So the teacher does all of the talking throughout the class time while the student involvement is basically nonexistent.  The teacher does the lecture, the students listen and take notes, and then it’s exam time.  It’s not at all a two-way kind of learning like we have here in the States.  I think there was a Brazilian educator that once explained this traditional kind of education as a deposit: the teacher is simply depositing the knowledge to the students.  That’s really the way of teaching in China.  Here in the United States, students are much more involved: they ask questions, we have class conversations, it’s like a two-sided classroom.  I, as the instructor, learn from the students, and the students learn from me.  It’s way more two-way, and I am much more engaged with my students.  We have many more hands-on activities; it’s just more LIFE.  More enjoyable.  Where in China the lectures are pretty much dry and boring.  

 

What are your viewpoints of the competitiveness of education in China?

I think there are pros and cons.  The pros are that students are super motivated because they know that not everyone can go to college.  So you have to be the top of the top to go to the university.  That’s definitely a motivation for a lot of Chinese students.  On the other hand, because it’s so competitive, many students become very depressed and also develop testing anxiety.  It’s not like here where we have multiple assessments on student learning.  In Chinese high school, there’s one huge national entrance exam.  It’s very much a one-time deal.  If you fail the exam, you’re done.  It’s not like in the United States where you have different assessments throughout the year, or can get accepted to a certain college but not another one, and have creative student essays as part of your application.  In China, the exam is it.  If you don’t pass, you’re done.  And the most stressful part?  It’s only offered once a year!  So if you fail it, you have to wait an entire year to take it again.  There are really pros and cons to the competitiveness.

 

How would your life be different today if you were a professor of education in China?

Hmmm.  How should I say… I think my life would be, well… I was very much on that path before I came to the United States.  I went to college for four years, graduated, got a job at university, had a boyfriend in China… so if I did not come to the United States, I probably would have gotten married, and had a child in China (because back then we still had the One Child Policy), and then I probably would have stayed at the university, gotten a promotion, and then go that way…

In terms of academic career, there is really not that much of a difference between the professional life of a professor in the United States and the life of a professor in China.  I think that for me, the biggest difference is the lifestyle change.  Before I came to the United States, for example, I was not very aware of my personal health.  I pretty much just did what everyone else was doing.  I wasn’t into exercise or into politics.  I was a very low-key person.  But when I came to the U.S., I became more aware of personal health, and the importance of taking care of yourself before taking care of other people.  That’s a cultural shift for me.  In China, we have this Confucius philosophy that emphasises the importance of taking care of your elders before taking care of yourself or your children.  That to me -there is still this cultural clash in my life.  On one hand, I feel guilty that I’m not with my parents who live by themselves.  Here, that’s normal -everyone lives like that.  In China, it’s so different.  When they grow old, then the children or grandchildren are supposed to take care of their elders.  On that side, I feel like I’m guilty because I can’t be there with them.  On the other hand, I feel that I’ve learned and adopted this American philosophy that I need to take care of myself.  When you are not taking care of yourself, then you can not take care of other people either.  So, that’s definitely a cultural shift with me, but I do feel like I take care of myself much better.  It would be very different if I was in China.

I also feel like I’m very much more involved in the United States… I am an advocate of many things: underrepresented groups.  In China I am a Han: which is the dominant group.  We have other ethnic minority groups in China, but Han is the dominant group.  Being a Han in China is like being White in the United States.  When I arrived in the U.S., I quickly became the minority: part of an underrepresented group.  So again, this was a huge shift for me.  I never thought of fighting for those underrepresented groups until I became one of them.  I felt it.  I feel like now I need to fight for these people.  For myself, for my son, for other people.  These feelings made me feel aware of politics and social justice issues.  So I think that is probably a big difference in my life now.  In China, I was never involved in politics, never talked about or followed them, never really cared about ethnic groups or their rights.  Now as I look back, all of this has sparked my research interest in how, for instance, the Tibetan language is being lost.  It’s just like Native Americans here who are losing their languages and identities.  All of these experiences made me think so differently when I came to the United States.  

 

What’s your favorite part about teaching in general, at Fredonia?

My favorite part about teaching is going to class and engaging the conversation with my students.  It’s not always an easy process, especially when we’re talking about very controversial or sensitive issues.  My students and I, because our backgrounds are so different, may not alway see eye-to-eye with every issue, but I find that it’s always so interesting to at least open a different window for them to see different perspectives.  They either agree with me, or not, but they are exposed to a different way of thinking.  It’s another way of looking at the same issues.  It’s the most enjoyable part about my teaching here at Fredonia.

 

Imagine a Chinese highschooler that’s looking at Fredonia’s webpage right now.  What would you tell them about coming to Fredonia?

I would tell them to dream big, and go after it.  Persistence is the key.  If you feel like coming, come to explore!  Look, experience, and find yourself.  I will end it with a little Chinese folk story:

This little horse is trying to go across the river, but he’s too scared of the water.  He fears that the water is too deep.  He sees a little frog, and he asks the frog, “Oh, froggy froggy, can I cross the river?”  The frog says, “Oh, no, the river is too deep!  If I jump in it, it’s just totally over my head!”  The horse, now more scared than ever, waits on the riverbank.  He waits and waits, and then, he sees an elephant.  He asks the elephant, “Elephant elephant, can I cross the river?”  The elephant replies, “Oh, totally!  The water is only up to my ankles, so of course you can cross the river!”  Feeling more encouraged, the horse finally crosses the river.  He finds that the water is not too deep for him, but it’s not too shallow either… it’s just right for him to cross.

The moral of the story here is that no matter what someone else is telling you about something, you really have to put your feet in the water to experience it.  And then you know whether it’s right for you or not.   


Author:  Zach Jones
Date: February 22, 2017
Keywords:  Japan
Title: Student Spotlight:  Miki Toda


Name: Miki
Country: Japan
Year: Junior
Major: BA Theater
Minor: Dance Studio and Administration

Why Fredonia?

There was an alliance between Fredonia and my home school in Japan.  Fredonia has a really good video tour of the campus that allowed me to check out the school before I arrived.  I love the size of Fredonia - and they have a Starbucks!

How has the American visa process been throughout your experience in the United States?

It wasn’t that bad - I was scared and there were so many things that I had to do, but the process was not hard and was pretty clear.  It’s stressful of course, but totally manageable.

How do you keep in touch with your friends and family back home?

Online, Facebook messenger, everything available on the internet.  I even had a friend that was studying abroad in Ireland that came to New York City to visit me once!

Do you think that Fredonia is international?

I don’t see Fredonia as too global, however we do have over one hundred international students.  Many Fredonian students here have never met Asian students before, so they can be surprised that our culture isn’t that different than theirs, and that we speak English really well.  We’re all human beings!

What’s your favorite part about teaching/studying at Fredonia?

Definitely the size of the campus.  It’s not too small where you’re seeing the same people every day, but at the same time it’s large enough to meet different kinds of people.  I love the clubs and all of the activities that are available to Fredonian students.  I’m in Orchesis Dance Company and NoteWorthy; a show choir.  it’s so easy to make friends!

What is the best part about studying/working in the United States?

The United States has theater programs, where in Japan it is not a college degree.  The shows that we have at Fredonia are almost student-run, and we build the show.  The learning here is so much more active.  I’ve worked in the wardrobe crew and run crew, and in Japan I probably would have not had these experiences.  Also, there’s so much variety in what we can study.  Italian, for example, was an elective here that i really enjoyed.  In the U.S., there’s more freedom in electives and a bigger choice in what we want to do as students.

What is available in the United States that is not available in your home country?  

I’ve heard that in Japanese university, certain majors are not allowed to take specific classes outside of their majors.  Here, we can get overrides and take classes based on our interests.  We have many minors here as well.  The ability to change majors and declare minors is so much more liberal in the United States.  

If you could tell prospective faculty/students one thing, what would it be?

Don’t worry too much!  The whole process of getting an international education is much more simple and fun than it looks right now.  Don’t worry, and be more excited about it!  Speak English as much as you can before coming, and don’t be shy!  There are so many friends here waiting for you!


Author:  Zach Jones
Date: February 6, 2017
Keywords:  Hong Kong
Title: Student Spotlight:  Jason Cheung

 

Interviewee:  Jason Cheung
Birthplace:  Hong Kong
Class standing:  Junior
Major: Computer Science, Mathematics
Minor: Statistics, Leadership
 

Why Fredonia?

I initially came to Fredonia for the Combined Engineering Program, but decided that it wasn’t for me.  I’ve decided I'm going to stay all four years at Fredonia with a major in Computer Science and Mathematics.  

 

How has the American visa process been throughout your experience in the United States?

I have never had any trouble with the visa process in the United States.  A lot of U.S. border patrol and customs officers are actually very kind and understanding -- as long as you respect them.

 

How do you keep in touch with your friends and family back home?

With advanced technology today, it’s so easy!  I maintain close contact with all of my friends and family back home using Facebook, WhatsApp, and messengers.  My parents also come and visit me here from time to time.  

 

Do you think that Fredonia is international?

Yes, Fredonia is really diverse compared to other colleges.  Students know how to respect one another, and diversity is so evident on our campus.  It’s truly a great place to be international.

 

What’s your favorite part about teaching/studying at Fredonia?

The clubs and organizations on our campus: with more than 170 clubs, Fredonia offers us so much variety in our special interest.  For example, I’m the Vice President of Pokemon club -- a club that I created on my own working with Student Association and Assembly!

 

What is the best part about studying/working in the United States?

The best part for me is that it is a lot less stressful.  The environment in Hong Kong is much more intense.  Fredonia provides me a lot of hands-on opportunity and experiential learning.  Back home, our education system is very much theory-based, and we miss out on applying what we learn in the classroom with hands-on activities. Fredonia has opportunities for both.

 

What is available in the United States that is not available in your home country?  

It is very similar, but Fredonia’s environment is more accepting and happy.  That is something that I definitely would not have gotten if I were studying back in Hong Kong.  Non-profit organizations are also a huge part of American culture.  I have worked for various NPO’s here at Fredonia, and it seems as though agencies are happier for your help here. In Hong Kong, companies are more restricted due to conflict of interest laws.  I love to see that many American companies and agencies sacrifice their benefits to help others.

 

If you could tell prospective faculty/students one thing, what would it be?

Come to Fredonia: it will be a decision that you won't regret.

Author:  Elena Kim
Date:  April 26, 2016
Keywords:  Korean

Title:  My Experience at Fredonia

처음 미국 오기 전, 유학생활에 대한 큰 기대와 설렘에 잠을 설친 날도 많았다. 졸업을 앞두고 있는 지금은 꽤 그 기대에 부응하고 있다는 생각이 든다. 물론 아주 많은 시행착오와 함께. 우선 처음부터 지금까지 겪는 시행착오는 영어이다.

수업뿐만 아니라, 친구관계, 기숙사, 수강신청, 인턴쉽 등 어느 것 하나 쉬운 것이 없었고 그럴 때마다 좌절하고 말수가 줄어들었다. 하지만 Campus life, Adviser, Career Development Office, International Student Services, 학교 친구들 등 누구 하나 인상 찌푸리지 않고 내 말에 귀 기울여주었고, 심심할 때 사무실 놀러 와서 수다 떨자며 영어선생님이 되어 주겠다던 교수님들, 가족보다 더 가족같이 격려해주시는 호스트패밀리와 친구들 등, 그들의 배려가 헛되지 않도록, 피하지 않고 더욱 더 적극적으로 학교와 커뮤니티에 참여하기 시작했던 것 같다. 방학 중간중간 미국 내 다른 도시들도 여행을 해보았지만, 솔직하게 Fredonia만큼 친절한 도시는 없었다. 내가 Fredonia를 사랑하는 가장 큰 이유이다. 

교외 활동이 늘어나다 보니 영어도 한결 편해지기 시작했고, 영어는 능력의 차이가 아니라 자신감의 차이였다는 것을 깨달았다. 만약 유학을 준비하고 있고 영어가 너무나 걱정이신 분들이 있다면, 단언컨대 정답은 ‘그냥 하는 것’이라고 말씀 드리고 싶다! 

또한, State University of New York at Fredonia 학교 생활 중 가장 좋았던 것은 호스트 패밀리 프로그램과 전공관련 클럽활동이다. 두 번째 시행착오인 교우관계에 굉장히 많이 도움되었다! 단순히 같은 수업 듣는 친구에서 둘 사이에 수업 외에 함께 무엇을 한다는 것에 큰 공통점이 생김으로써 더 친해질 수 있는 계기가 되었고, 특히 International Student Services에서 주최하는 이벤트들은 다른 국제학생들과 만날 수 있는 가장 좋은 기회였다. 그 중 Weekly coffee break는 가장 부담 없이 새로운 사람들을 만나고 이야기 할 수 있는 곳이었다. 

마지막으로, 나머지 한 종류로 분류할 수 없는 시행착오들은 즐기길 바란다! 문화차이나 다수가 아닌 소수에 속함으로써 겪는 어려움이 유학생활의 특권이고 다른 사람들이 겪지 못할 것을 겪을 기회를 가진 것 아닌가! 친구들이 가장 많이 하는 질문 중 하나, 인종차별. Fredonia가 다른 도시 보다 국제학생들에게 좀 더 친절하고 오픈 마인드를 가지고 있지만, 인종차별은 세계 어디에나 존재하며 상처받을 필요 없다. 단지 다른 나라, 다른 인종에 대해 잘 알지 못하고 익숙하지 않아서 그러는 것이다. 당황하지 말고 너 자신이 누구인지 알려주면 된다!

해보지 않고는 내가 무엇을 해낼 수 있는지 알 수가 없다. 많은 시행착오 덕에 내 자신이 어떤 사람인지 더 잘 알게 되었고, 결과에 상관없이 도전에 따르는 자신감을 가질 수 있었다.


Author:  Xiaomeng Liu
Date:  March 2, 2016
Keywords:  Chinese

Title:  A History of Fredonia

Normal School Cornerstone Ceremony; Main Street ; August 8, 1867. Picture viewable here: https://fredoniahistory.wordpress.com/tag/mason-hall/

Founded in 1826 as Fredonia Academy, the school started with eight students. As the first higher education institution in the village of Fredonia, the Academy embraced an increasing number of students. A year later, there were 136 students. Due to financial crisis, the academy was forced to close in 1867. In that year, the school re-emerged as New York State Normal School. The students who guaranteed to teach after graduation were not charged with tuition fees or textbook costs or travel fares. During 82 years, the school was influenced by fluctuating enrollment and reducing state funds, but it also expanded to the scale of the prototype of a campus. In 1938, the music building, Mason Hall, was first built.

纽约州立大学弗里多尼亚学院建校于1826年,建立之初,学校只有八名学生。作为弗里多尼亚的第一座高等教育学府,弗里多尼亚的学生规模越来越大,一年后,学校从8名学生增至136名。后来,因为经济危机的原因,学校于1867年被迫关闭。同一年,学校便起死回生,改建为纽约州师范学校。当时在学校的学生如果毕业后留校教书,便可以免付学费、书本费、旅行费用。八十二年以来,弗里多尼亚学院经历了不稳定入学率和州立政府的财政剥削的曲折,但却同时不断在建设校园方面努力着,扩大了校园规模,不断完善设施建设。1938年,音乐学院,Mason Hall, 最终建成,也成为了弗里多尼亚学院历史上第一座建筑,直到现在还在使用中。

The campus buildings were primarily designed by the team led by I.M. Pei, who also designed the glass-and-steel pyramid for the Musée du Louvre in Paris.
弗里多尼亚学校的建筑群由著名建筑大师贝聿铭(I.M.Pei)团队设计建成,他也是巴黎卢浮宫前,玻璃金字塔的设计者。

Between World War I and the Great Depression, progressivism in the country rose to its peak, especially strongly promoted by governor Roosevelt of New York, who was dedicated to Seek for more democracy in the society. Fredonia was strongly influenced by this wave of liberty and freedom. Till today, majority of the people are still very open to different backgrounds and cultural diversity.

在第一次世界大战后、世界经济萧条时期前,激进主义的力量在美达到巅峰。前纽约州州长、美国第26任总统 - 提奥多 罗斯福,为了开展了一项为社会呼吁更多民主权利的运动。弗里多尼亚学院受到民主自由浪潮的深刻影响,直至今日,这里依旧秉持着这样的精神,兼收并蓄,欢迎和包容着来自世界各地的多种多样的文化。

 

 


 

 

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